Kids Talk
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   Language, Language Processing, Written Language
    Speech Articulation, Phonology
    Voice Production
    Social Pragmatics

   Speech and Language

Individual Therapy
    Oral Language, Written Language
    Auditory Training

School Observations

Functional Assessments

Small Group Social Language Therapy


Continuing Education Workshops
   Teaching Social Language to 3-12 Year Olds
    Finding Your Niche in Private Practice
    Memory, Attention, Processing, Sequencing (M.A.P.S.) 
         for Reading Success


Difference between Articulation and Phonological Disorders

The American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (2008) provides the following definitions:

Articulation disorder- problems producing specific age-expected speech sounds. Sounds can be distorted, deleted or added (e.g., yes may be pronounced yeth if the child has problems articulating the sound /s/). The underlying cause of an articulation disorders is in the motor movements required for accurate sound production, but those difficulties may be functional (intact mechanism, no neurological damage) or organic (mechanism challenged in some way and/or neurological damage).  

Phonological process disorder- patterns of error of sound use in a child’s speech and language repertoire. The underlying difficulty relates to the rules of language that govern the sound system. Variant rules may be seen in a limited number of sounds in the child’s inventory, problems with sound combinations and syllable shapes, and/or difficulties in pronouncing linguistic markers such as plural and past tense markers.

Examples of possible patterns of error a child with phonological process disorder may display:

Weak Syllable deletion

Puter for computer

Final consonant deletion

Daw for dog


Buhbuh for bubbles

Cluster reduction

Top for stop


Tee for tree, do for zoo, two for shoe


Tat for cat


Wing for ring


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